Alopecia or hair loss can be attributed to several factors. It can be caused by hormonal imbalance, nutrition, medical conditions and medications taken, stress, trauma and genetics.
Male and female pattern baldness (or androgenetic alopecia) is one of the most common causes of hair loss. In people who are genetically susceptible to this, the sex hormone DHT triggers follicle miniaturization, causing the hair follicles to deteriorate. Due to the changes happening in the follicles, they end up completely ceasing hair production.
Other hormonal changes can also cause temporary hair loss. Situations such as childbirth, pregnancy, the onset of menopause, and discontinuing birth control pills can all trigger hair loss in women.
There are several medical conditions that can cause hair loss.
- Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism– These conditions can cause hair loss similar to hereditary balding. They’re both medical conditions that deal with the production of the thyroid hormones. The former occurs when there is a lack of production while the latter occurs when there is excess production of the hormone. A malfunctioning thyroid gland may ultimately result in hair loss.
- Alopecia Areata – Is a medical condition where your body’s immune system begins attacking hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. This disease is found more commonly in teenagers than in adults.
- Scalp Infections– Getting scalp infections, like ringworm, can cause hair loss. The fungal infection can penetrate the skin of the scalp, which can lead to hair loss. There is no need to panic, as hair loss will likely stop as the infection is cured.
- Sudden Weight Loss– People that experience sudden weight loss thru natural means (not eating) or gastric bypass, can experience hair loss due to an imbalance in necessary nutrients for a period of time.
Taking medication for illnesses like cancer, arthritis, and cardiac problems can cause hair loss. Chemotherapy treatments are widely known to cause hair loss all over the body.
Hair Loss Solutions
Regardless of the cause, people experiencing hair loss and baldness should know that there are medically approved hair restoration treatments and solutions available. Baja Hair Center in Tijuana, Mexico offers Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) to those seeking to restore bald patches and thinning hairlines.